History, tradition and territory
Numerous historical references, some of which date back as far as the end of the 18th century, show that compared to salami products in other areas of Italy, the development of the production of Salame Piemonte was absolutely different. In his 1854 work Cucina Borghese, Giovanni Vialardis, Royal chef for the House of Savoy, describes how to prepare “pork salami” using a recipe very similar to today’s, which even back then included the addition of “a glass of good Barbera wine”. The use of red wine with a designation of origin, produced with the three most famous Piedmont grape varieties (i.e. Barbera, Nebbiolo and Dolcetto), demonstrates this product’s strong ties with the territory. The production area of Salame Piemonte PGI is within the entire territory of the Piedmont region.
The lean part of the paste is made with striated muscles from the thigh, shoulder and stomach, while the fatty part consists of high-quality fat from the stomach, neck or adipose tissue. The salami is seasoned with salt, pepper grains (pieces and powder are also admitted), spices and aromatic plants like garlic, cloves – whole, ground or infused with wine – and nutmeg, and red Piedmont wine with a designation of origin, made exclusively with Nebbiolo, Barbera and Dolcetto grape varieties. The product is then ground in a meat grinder and kneaded. The Salame Piemonte PGI is stuffed into natural casings or natural reconstituted casings and tied with twine. Curing takes place in cool and ventilated rooms for varying periods of time, depending on the diameter of the fresh salami: from 10 to 50 days (40-70 mm), and from 21 to 84 days (71-90 mm).